A sleep disorder is a medical ailment of the sleep habits of an individual. Some sleep disorders are severe enough to impact normal mental, physical, emotional and social functioning. Actigraphy and Polysomnography are tests normally requested for some sleep disorders. Sleep disorders are classified into parasomnias, dyssomnias, circadian rhythm sleep ailments which involve the timing of sleep, and other issues including ones triggered by psyological or medical conditions and sleeping illness. Common sleep disorders include breathing disorders, movement disorders, insomnias, hypersomnolence, disorders of arousal, circadian rhythm disorders.
Signs and symptoms can vary based on the severity and nature of sleeping disorder. They can also vary when sleep problems are a consequence of another condition. However, common symptoms of sleep conditions include: difficulty falling asleep, daytime stress, strong desire to take naps during daytime, anxiety or irritability, depression and lack of concentration. There are many problems, diseases, and disorders that can cause sleep disruptions. In some cases, sleep disorders grow due to an underlying health issue. Allergies and upper respiratory illness will make it difficult to breathe at night. The failure to breathe through your noses may also cause sleeping problems.
To diagnose sleep ailments, your physician will first carry out a physical test and gather information regarding your signs and symptoms and medical record. They will also order different tests, such as: polysomnography, (a sleep analyze that evaluates air levels, body movement, and brain waves to figure out how they disturb sleep), electroencephalogram (a test that evaluates electrical action in the brain and identifies any potential issues related to this activity) and genetic blood tests (a blood test widely used to diagnose narcolepsy as well as other main health problems that may be causing sleep disorders). These tests are essential in choosing the right treatment for sleep disorders.
Treatment for sleep problems can vary based on the type and source. However, it usually includes a mixture of lifestyle changes and medical treatments. Medical treatment for sleep disorders may include any of the following; melatonin supplements, sleeping pills, allergy medications, a breathing device or surgical treatment (usually for sleep apnea). Lifestyle changes can greatly improve your level of sleep, particularly when they are done with medical treatments. Decreasing anxiety and stress can be achieved by exercising, meditating, creating and sticking with a regular sleeping routine. Having a well-balanced, healthy diet can also assist in improving your sleep quality.